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to grow old
to age, to become obsolete, to become out of date
-ne- translative (indicates a change in state)
-ma - infinitive ending
How to use it
Who gets older is indicated by the Nominative case (first base form)
Eesti elanikkond vananeb
Literally: “Estonian population ages”
Idiomatically: “Estonian population is aging”
Eesti - Noun - Gen Sg, "Estonian" elanikkond - Noun - Nom Sg, "population" vananeb - Verb - 3P Present Sg, "ages"
Kooli õppekava on vananenud
Literally: “School’s curriculum has aged”
Idiomatically: “The school curriculum has become out of date”
Kooli - Noun - Gen Sg, "School's" õppekava - Noun - Nom Sg, "curriculum" on vananenud - Verb - 3P Present Perfect Sg, "has aged"