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Vocab: ümber lükkama
to refute, to prove false, to knock over, to push over, to overturn
ümber - around
lükkama - to push, to shove
This is a compound verb that consists of an adverb (“ümber”) and a regular verb (“lükkama”).
Usually, the meanings of compound verbs are just a combination of the adverb and the verb’s meaning.
In this case, there are two options:
1. “ümber lükkama” can be used as a combination of the adverb’s and verb’s meanings. Literally, it would translate as “to push around”, but actually it is used as “to push over” or “to knock over”.
“ümber lükkama” can take on a new meaning: “to refute" or “to prove false”
How to use it
You can use the compound verb:
To knock over or overturn something:
Ta lükkas vaasi ümber (He knocked over the vase)
To refute or disprove something:
Ta lükkas süüdistused ümber (He refuted the accusations)
Depending on context, the word order can change:
“ümber” comes before “lükkama” when “lükkama” is in an infinitive form,
and after “lükkama” otherwise
Laine lükkas paadi ümber
Literally: “Wave knocked boat over”
Idiomatically: “A wave knocked the boat over”
Laine - Noun - Nominative Sg, "Wave" lükkas - Verb - 3P Past Sg, "knocked" paadi - Noun - Genitive Sg, "boat" ümber - Adverb, "over"
Paat on ümber lükatud
Literally: “Boat has over knocked”
Idiomatically: “The boat has been knocked over”
Paat - Noun - Nominative Sg, "Boat" on ümber lükatud - Compound Verb - 3P Past Perfect Impersonal, "has over knocked"