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to guarantee, to back
to fill the conditions for something to happen, to insure, to guarantee
We can clearly see the word stem
taga- being the same as the one used for words that related to the concept of “behind”:
tagant → from behind
tagala → the rear area behind an active front in war (literally the “behind place”)
tagasi → back, as in “I’m going back”
In English, “back” can also be a verb as in “I’m backing a project on Kickstarter”.
This is kind of the same idea as “guaranteeing something”: you back it so that it actually happens.
How to use it
This verb behaves regularly: what you hit is in the Partitive or Genitive/Nominative depending on whether the action is yielding a clear result or not.
The tool you are using for guaranteeing something is indicated by the Comitative (“with”,
Xi Jinping tagas endale kolmanda ametiaja Hiina juhina
Literally: “Xi Jingping guaranteed himself a third term as China’s leader”
Idiomatically: “Xi Jinping secured a third term for himself as China’s leader”
Xi Jinping - Noun - Nom Sg tagas - Verb - 3P Sg Ind Past, "guaranteed, ensured" endale - Noun - Allative Sg, "for himself" kolmanda - Adjective - Gen Sg, "third" ametiaja - Noun - Gen Sg, "term" (lit. "office time") Hiina - Noun - Gen Sg, "China's" juhina - Noun - Essive Sg, "as a leader"
Since ametiaja is in the Genitive, we know that this verb is taking a so-called full object.
The full object tells us that the action is fully completed and yielded a clear result.
So in this instance, Xi did secure that third term in office for himself successfully.
See tagab, et meil on homme midagi süüa
Literally: “This guarantees, that on us tomorrow there is something to eat”
Idiomatically: “This guarantees that we have something to eat tomorrow”
See - Noun - Nom Sg, "this" tagab - Verb - 3P Present Ind Sg, "guarantees" et - Conjunction - "that" meil - Noun - Adessive Pl, "on us" on - Verb - 3P Sg Ind Present - "is" midagi - Noun - Part Sg, "something" süüa - Verb - da-Infinitive, "to eat"