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This word can actually be traced back to the word
ots, which makes you ponder what exactly a decision is.
ots, otsa, otsa, otsi refers to one of two ends that belong together, like the two ends of a sausage, the beginning and end of a story or event, and so on.
How we got from
With this out of the way:
-ta- - causative suffix “to make X”
-ma- infinitive ending
So “otsustama” is literally “making a decision” or, if you want to get a bit more philosophical: choosing one of multiple possible “ends” or “beginnings”.
Otsustasin tăna puhata
“I decided to rest today”
Otsustasin - Verb - 1P Sg Ind Past, "I decided" tăna - Adverb - "today" puhata - Verb - da-Infinitive, "to rest"
👉 when you decided about an activity, the activity is in the “da”-form
Riigi prioriteetide üle otsustab valitsus.
“The government decides about the priorities of the state”
Riigi - Noun - Gen Sg, "The State's" prioriteetide - Noun - Gen Pl, "priorities'" üle - Postposition - "over", "about" otsustab - Verb - 3P Sg Ind Present, "decides" valitsus - Noun - Nom Sg, "the government"
👉 when you decide about something, the thing you decide about is in the Genitive case, followed by