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to mention, to note
-ma - infinitive ending
It’s borrowed from Finnish mainita, which ultimately comes from a Germanic stem. So all of these words are actually related:
English: “to mean”
Finnish: “mainita” - “to mention”
German: “meinen” - “to mean, to think”
How to use it
Who or what you mention is in the Partitive case (third base form).
Mainima is commonly used as a compound verb, which consist of an adverb (“ära - away”) and a regular verb (“mainima - to mention”).
The meaning of this compound verb is to mention/to bring out/to note briefly or in passing.
Kas sa mainisid mu nime
Literally: “Did you mention my name?”
Kas - Adverb , "Did" sa - Pronoun - Nom Sg, "you" mainisid - Verb - 2P Past Sg, "mention" mu - Pronoun - Gen Sg, "my" nime - Noun - Part Sg, "name"
Mainin ära, et masin nüüd töötab
Literally: “I mention away that machine now works”
Idiomatically: “I will briefly mention that the machine is working now”
Mainin ära - Compound Verb - 1P Present Sg, "I mention away" et - Conjunction, "that" masin - Noun - Nom Sg, "machine" nüüd - Adverb, "now" töötab - Verb - 3P Present Sg, "works"