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difference, disparity, dissimilarity
erinev- different (adjective)
-us - a noun-forming ending
When adding -us to an adjective, the noun that is created can express one of three things, in this case, it expresses a attribute (attribute of being different).
How to use it
Whose differences we are talking about are expressed in the Genitive case (second base form).
If we are talking about differences between two subjects/objects we use the genitive case + vahel (between). For example: erinevused kasside (Gen Pl) ja koerte (Gen Pl) vahel - differences between cats and dogs.
Koolid peavad arvestama põlvkondlike erinevustega
Literally: “Schools must count generational differences”
Idiomatically: “Schools must take into consideration the generational differences”
Koolid - Noun - Nom Pl, "Schools" peavad - Verb - 3P Present Pl, "must" arvestama - Verb - ma-Infinitive, "count" põlvkondlike - Noun - Gen Pl, "generational" erinevustega - Noun - Comitative Pl, "differences"
Meie vahel on liiga palju erinevusi
Literally: “Us between there is too many differences”
Idiomatically: “There are too many differences between us”
Meie - Pronoun - Gen Pl, "Us" vahel - Adverb, "between" on - Verb - 3P Present Sg, "there is" liiga - Adverb, "too" palju - Adverb, "many" erinevusi - Noun - Part Pl, "differences"