Grammar: forming participles
Previously, we looked into how to derive adjectives from verbs conceptually. In this lesson we cover the mechanics behind actually creating these words.
In a previous lesson, we covered what participles are: adjectives (“description words”) that we derive from verbs (“action words”).
However, we didn’t look into how to actually create the participle forms of a verb.
Recall that verbs express:
who is doing something,
when they are doing it,
and how the action is being related (“it happened for real”, “it’s a command”, etc)
To derive an adjective from a verb (a participle), we need to answer the first two questions at least. That gives us a total of four possible combinations:
active (the thing described does the action) + present (the action is happening right now),
active (the thing described does the action) + past (the action has happened already),
passive (the thing described is the target of the action) + present,
passive + past
Let’s take a look at the formulas behind these forms:
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